The city of Port of Spain, along with its island of Trinidad, was a wild place covered with mangrove trees and inhabited by native people when it was come across by the Spanish in the early 16th Century.  The Spanish established a rough settlement there in the 1600's, but were known to come into frequent conflict with the native tribes who had called the area home before them.  Under encouragement from the Spanish, who wanted increase the number of Christians there, some French settlers came to Port of Spain in the late 18th Century, creating a bustling city.

The British attacked the island in 1797, taking it over from the Spanish with little incident.  Trinidad, with Port of Spain as its capitol, remained part of the British Empire until the 20th Century when the island gained the right to govern itself. 

Today Port of Spain is a mid-sized metropolitan city, housing most of the country's industry and government infrastructure.