Freeport is the second largest city in the islands and it has a growing population of 55,000 people. The city is well-planned and carefully landscaped, a sign that it only began developing 51 years ago. Wallace Groves built the city of Freeport in 1955 on 50,000 acres of swamp land that was given to him by the Bahamian government.

Centuries before Groves, the island was populated by the Siboneys who mostly lived off fishing and then later by the Lucayans. In the fifteenth century, Spain claimed to own the island after Columbus landed there and subsequently used a lot of the inhabitants as slaves to send back to Europe. After the Spanish, the slave trade continued in the hands of the British until the 1800s leaving Grand Bahama island to a calm life of fishing and farming.

In 1955, Groves, who had lumber interests in Grand Bahama Island, started to realize the great potential the island had to become a vacation wonderland. He wanted to build an island for fun and relaxation which, because of its proximity to the US, could become the number one choice for tourists. Groves was given permission to build all the infrastructure including airports and ports which in turn gave rise to a booming tourism scene of hotels, restaurants, nightclubs, casinos and much, much more. The tourist industry is one of the reasons for the large population growth of the last few decades as it offers job opportunities for thousands of people.