The area of Warwick in Warwickshire, England, is said to have been inhabited since its prehistory days, as many stone tools and axes have been found, particularly in the Avon Valley, and as many as 12 Iron Age forts have been unearthed in the Warwickshire area. With the Roman invasion of Britain in 43 AD, Warwickshire found itself a major location for military settlements as Rome sought to firmly establish its rule. Fosse Way was built by the Romans and passes through the area. Archaeologists have uncovered the remains of over 30 Roman-era kilns in the area, suggesting that pottery was at one time a major industry there.

By the fourth century, Rome had declined and Anglo-Saxon tribes had infiltrated and settled the area (now known as the kingdom of  Mercia), thriving for the next 500 or so years, until the brutal Danish Vikings began their raids. In 874, Britain's then king, Alfred, handed over large tracts of Mercia to Danish king, Guthrum the Younger. The area became the flimsy boundary between the two kingdoms, and fighting erupted until well into the 11th century.

The town of Warwick was established in 914 by Ethelfleda, Saxon and sister of Edward the Elder. Its founding was the result of an effort to maintain a defense against the Danes. Warwick has been continually inhabited since the Middle Ages, though it suffered great damage during the Great Fire of 1694 . While many of the more ancient buildings were destroyed, some remain to this day, such as Guildhall, now the town's hospital.