Built by the Romans, Nîmes remains one of the finest examples of Roman cities almost anywhere in the old Western Roman Empire. Despite numerous attacks, sieges and sackings the city has held up extremely well and today the locals do much to preserve this important era of history. The city today is filled with many Roman, early Medieval and Renaissance era structures and because of the fairly small size of city much of it can be enjoyed in leisurely strolls around the town.

The foundations of the old city walls, which first built by the Romans and upgraded during the following centuries after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, are sill visible today. The nearby Mont Cavalier is an example of a Roman defensive tower, while the Maison Carree, or Square House, is one of the town’s Roman Temples. It was built around 18BC by Roman general and statesman Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa. It was dedicated to his two sons, Gaius and Lucius, although the inscriptions to the sons was removed during the Middle Ages. Agrippa was also responsible for building the nearby Pont du Gard aqueduct, which was used to carry water to the city. This aqueduct is among the most stunning to see in southern France.

Of course the crowning glory of Rome in the city was the 1st century amphitheater, which is among the best-preserved arena in all of France. It had undergone various improvements over the centuries and was in fact used as a fortified mini-town during the Middle Ages. Numerous houses and markets were built inside, but these were cleared in the 19th century. Today it serves as a concert area that evokes the majesty of the Roman Empire.

The town is also home to several fascinating Christian churches, including the Saint Castor Cathedral, which is built on the site of the old temple of Augustus. Designed with a mix of the Romanesque and Gothic building styles the cathedral took nearly two centuries to construct.