The Landes Museum has some of the most well preserved Ancient Roman artifacts in Germany. The collection is so large that only a small amount of the collection can be displayed at one time. The collection includes everything from Ancient Roman coins and mosaics to Ancient Roman grave markers.

Historical Facts

  The Ancient Romans made their mosaics by placing small pieces of colored stone, glass, or other materials in mortar to make a picture. These small colored pieces that were used in mosaics were called tesserae. The Romans used mosaics to decorate their floors, ceilings, and walls. Mosaics could only be afforded by the wealthy Roman citizens of the upper class. The Ancient Roman mosaics housed in the Landes Museum are incredibly detailed. The craftsmen probably achieved this detail by pre-making the mosaic at their workshop or on site before placing it in the mortar, instead of placing the tesserae directly on to the mortar piece by piece. The craftsmen would place the tesserae onto a tray of sand. Then they would lay a piece of cloth covered in glue over the tesserae. The picture could then be lifted and placed onto the wet mortar. Once the mortar set the craftsmen would soak the cloth in water, then they would peel it away. Once they did this they could then fill any gaps with mortar and polish it. In another method the tesserae were glued directly onto the piece of cloth.  The Romans spread the art of mosaics throughout their empire, which is why mosaics have been found all over what was once the Roman Empire. Similar patterns and pictures appear in mosaics from different countries. This suggests that some of the craftsmen might have had catalogs to show their clients, which had drawings of different styles of mosaics. Their clients could then choose one of these mosaics to have made. The mosaics at the Landes Museum are complete unlike some other mosaics in other museums which are incomplete.

   The Landes Museum is a great place for tourists to visit while they are in Trier. The wonderfully preserved artifacts give visitors an insight to what daily life in the Roman Empire would have been like. Visitors can just imagine themselves in the forum buying some freshly baked bread from the baker’s shop with copper coins. Then they realize they were only imagining it. They finish looking at the coins and walk to the next display case. There is sure to be something interesting in this museum.

Practical Information about the Landes Museum

  The Landes Museum is open Tuesday to Sunday from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.  The last admission is at 4:30 p.m. The entrance fee for adults is 6 Euros, for children (18 years old and younger) the fee is 3 Euros, and children under 6 years of age get into the museum for free.

Bibliography

·         World Book- http://worldbookonline.com

·         BBC Primary History- http://www.bbc.co.uk

·         http://www.hunterian.gla.ac.uk

·         Ancient Rome- by Peter Chisp

·         http://trier.de