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Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady)
The Dresden Frauenkirche has become emblematic of all of Dresden, expressing both the city's storied past and its forward-thinking attitude. Almost completely destroyed in the 1945 Allied firebombing of the city, the church has since been reconstructed and was reconsecrated on October 30, 2005 incorporating some of the original, charred stones of the original church into its structure, with the stones being placed as close to their original position as possible.
The original church was built in the early 18th-century in an elaborate, baroque style designed by a local architect, George Bähr. The church was celebrated for its impressive organ—on which J. S. Bach once performed a recital—as well as its dome, constructed of sandstone with no internal support.
The church was destroyed during the Allied bombing of the city that begun on February 13th, 1945. The site lay in ruins until 1994 when a massive reconstruction effort began. The entire building was rebuilt according to the original plans, up to the golden cross that adorns the church's dome.
Today, visitors can see an exhibition detailing the history of the church and the reconstruction efforts, as well as climb the tower for a view of the city.
The Green Vault (in the Zwinger Palace):
A large museum holding fantastic works of art, focussing mainly on art from the area throughout the ages. Start on the middle floor and work your way up and then down. The middle floor has the largest collection of paintings.