Granada is a city with a rich and diverse history stretching back to Ibero-Celtic and Phoenecian times. Granada was a major Roman city, then called Florencia. Most traces of Roman times have disappeared under the heavy overlay of Arab and Mudejar architecture, in turn supplanted by more typical Castillian Spanish development after 1492.

The city's main economic growth was dependant on the silk trade, and the city was an important weigh station for many travelers and traders. Because of this, many cultures and ideas were constantly being passed through the city. This brought about much diversification and progress. The city was ruled by Arabs for several centuries, and was the last stronghold of the Moors until January of 1492 when Ferdinand and Isabella recaptured the city during the Inquisition.

The Arabs first established control of the area in the early 8th century A.D.  first under the Almohad dynbasty and then under the Nasrids, who ruled from the 13th century onwards. The Kingdom of Granada was established in 1238, and was officially a tributary state of the Kingdom of Castille. Granada became an entrepot for trade with the Maghreb and Africa.

Changes in the European economy and poltiical realities caused the Spanish monarchs to  pursue the elimination of Moorish rule on the Iberian peninsula, and Granada fell in 1492, ending 800 years of continuous Arab rule.