Palacio Nacional da Pena

The Palacio Nacional da Pena is located at Estrada da Pena, which is on the upper part of the Parque da Pena. The palace is a National Monument and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. King Fernando II acquired the lands of a monastery in ruins in 1838. He chose the Prussian architect Baron Ludwig von Eshwege and the help of the Portuguese Possidonio da Silva. The palace was started in 1840 and finished in 1885, the year that the king died.

The style of the palace is eclectic, with the main style being Romantic. The outside of the palace looks Medieval and is a beautiful work of art. The inside of the palace has beautiful furniture, china porcelain, and Bohemian lamps. At the entrance to the palace is a drawbridge. The Porch do Tritao is a large porch in the Neo-Manueline style. The church has an alabaster Renaissance altarpiece that was created by Nicolau Chanterenne in 1529. It shows scenes from the Passion and the life of the Virgin. The dining hall has a service for a dozen people and the dishes show the coat of arms of Ferdinand II. There is a cloister in the Manueline style, with glazed tiles. The rooms look like they were in 1910. Around the palace is the Pena Park, which has more than 200 hectares and this park was designed by Ferdinand II.