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Often overshadowed by the Parthenon and other major ruins within Athens, the entire region of Attica is home to some of the earliest human settlements in Greece. Among the earliest of the surviving ruins is the Sanctuary of Brauronian Artemis, which is one of the earliest of the sanctuaries in the Attica region, dating back to Mycenaean times (2000 to 1600 BC). This includes an early stone bridge built over the river Erasinos.
Located only an hour or so by car outside of Athens, it makes for an impressive sight, and includes the Temple of Artemis, which was a Doric style temple that was likely built on the site an even earlier Mycenaean temple. The Temple of Artemis dates back to the 5th century BC, and features the typical tripartite cella design. Nearby is the Temple of Iphigeneia, also called the Temple of Heroon. This was built at the tomb of Iphigeneia, and this early cult is believed to date to the 8th century BC.Located next to the site is the Archaeological Museum of Brauron. Founded in 1956 the museum is home to the various artifacts dating back to the Late Mycenaean era, including statues, Archaic and Classic pottery and various funerary reliefs from the Classical era.