Founded by the Cenomani Gauls, and then part of the Roman Republic and Empire, the city of Brescia has a long and colorful history, during which numerous structures of great importance were built. Due to numerous sieges and other uprisings, the city has suffered greatly throughout the centuries but remains a city rich with unique architecture and impressive buildings.

Brescia is home to several noteworthy sacred buildings, including the 13th century late Romanesque Franciscan monastery San Francisco. The building features a simple façade, which is characteristic of the early Renaissance.

The city is also home to the Tempio Capitolino e Teatro Romano, which was constructed around 75 BC, and is a classic example of a pre-Roman Empire style theater. Located on the hillside using Greek design, this theater could have held as many as 15,000 spectators.

Dominating the top of the Colle Cidneo, and overlooking Brescia is the city’s Castle. This was the site of the original city, and the site of a Roman temple, and following the fall of the Roman Empire was the location of the city’s first major fortifications. Today the massive citadel continues to stand guard over Brescia with a mix of fortification methods from several centuries.

The Old Town remains the city center and here is where some of the city’s most important squares, or Piazzas are still located. These include the Piazza della Loggia, which dates to the middle of the 15 th century and was the economic and political center of Brescia.