Château du Hohlandsbourg is a large, partly reconstructed/partly ruined 13th century castle. Located approximately 10km (as the crow flies) west of Colmar, France (15km by vehicle), in the forest of Wintzenheim (the closest township) on the Route des Cinq Châteaux. The location, 620 metres above sea level affords it strategic views of the surrounding countryside including the towns of Colmar and Eguisheim, the forest itself, and the other nearby fort ruins such as Pflixbourg (also open to ramblers & tourists). The castle was built in the 1270s by the former Habsburgs Royal House (of present day Austria-Hungary), and at various times has been also been under the control of Germany, The Holy Roman Empire and the Swedish (as was the Haute-Alsace region); It was eventually for the most part deliberately destroyed by the French in the 1630s during the Thirty Year's War (shortly after they took control from Sweden) to prevent it from falling back into the approaching Austrian army's possession. In the 1840s it was declared a National Monument, and partial restoration has occurred sporadically over the last 150 years. Recent works have included the addition of a medieval style garden behind the outer bastion but outside of the inner walls. The castle opens to tourism from approximately Easter until mid November each year (allow about 30-45 minutes to see the whole site). A large car park is located in the forest below the castle, and a long winding road leads walkers up from there to the castle entrance. A cafe and shop are also located in the grounds. It is approached on the Route des Cinq Châteaux from Wintzenheim or Husseren-les-château (about 5km up hill from either) both of which are located just off the N83 between Colmar and Rouffach.