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The Cuenca Cathedral was constructed in the Gothic Anglo-Norman style between 1182 and 1270. The style was due to the influence of Eleanor, the wife of King Alfonso VIII. She was the daughter of the King of England and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine. Together with the cathedral of Avila, it was the first Gothic church built in Spain. The church was built over a mezquita. The church lost its Gothic character because there were several renovations. The façade fell in 1902 when the bell tower collapsed and was rebuilt in a Neo-Gothic style by Vicente Lamperez. The floor plan follows the Latin cross and has a polygonal apse with seven sides, and these are not very symmetrical. The main façade has three big doors.
The famous architect Ventura Rodriguez redesigned the main altar during the 18th century. The middle grille was designed by Juan Frances in the 16th century. The side grilles were designed by Rafael Amezua in the 18th century and were made in Elorrio (Vizcaya). There are only five ancient windows that have been preserved. There is a rose window over Jamete’s Arch that represents the tree of life and Giraldo from Holland created it in the 16th century. The other four old windows are found in the Caballeros Chapel and were made in the latter years of the Middle Ages in the Swiss style. In the early 1990s, modern colored windows were installed to replace the other old windows in disrepair.
The Main Sacristy dates from the transition from the Gothic to the Plateresque. There are sculptures of Pedro de Mena, the greatest sculptor of the 16th century. There are paintings, altar pieces, platters and gospel books. The drawers and cupboards have beautiful designs and date from the 18th century. The Chapter Room is beside the Main Sacristy and there are walnut doors that belong to the Berruguete School. The ceiling was done by 16th century artists. The walls were painted by Garcia Salmeron in the 17th century. The Deep Chapel has a very extraordinary coffered ceiling.