The town of Luang Prabang has formed around the 33 ornate Wats and colonial architecture. The entire town was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995. As a result, much of Luang Prabangs impressive architecture has been restored painstakingly to show its dramatical beauty.

The temple architecture in Luang Prabang mixes both southern Lao and Thai styles. The roofs are similar to the wooden, saddle thai roofs except their rims reach almost close to the ground in many of the temples. This is the primary difference between Thai and Lao styles. These Luang Prabang style of roofs are one of the only visible remainder of Laos' kingdom of Lane Xang - the Land of One Million Elephants – dating from the 16th to 18th centuries.

Each temple also has its own boat, which is similar to the thai style, with ornately carved shape. (In August Luang Prabang celebrates an impressive boat race festival from the Nam Khan river to the Mekong.

One of the best examples of the stunning architecture in Luang Prabang is the Wat Xieng Thong, which rests peacefully on the edge of the river. At this temple, there are ornate gold designs and multi-colored mirrored mosaics that depict various themes of nature and symbols.

Houses in Luang Prabang are largely made of wood and hoisted onto stilts. The locals keep other live animals below (for instance, roosters can be seen walking around everywhere as well as dogs). Most of the houses have thatched roofs.