RECOMMENDED VACCINATIONS:- It is down to the reader to take responsibility for their own health issues / welfare and to chat with their own Doctor, Pharmacist or Health care practitioner. 

None is compulsory but the following are recommended (& have been for well over 25 years):

*TETANUS/DIPTHERIA/POLIO (always combined).  After 5 boosters one does not normally have to have any more boosters unless in a high risk job / environment; check with your doctor.

*HEPATITIS A; boosters last up to 25 yrs after initial course.

*TYPHOID (boosters  every 3yrs) – this can be contracted even in Spain, Italy, Greece, etc & there was a case in Taba, Sinai,  in Sept 2009. There have also been cases reported in Sharm (see forum search engine)

 VACCINATIONS TO BE CONSIDERED: These are vaccinations that your travel clinic class as 'to be considered' and the requirement for these depends on your planned activities, lifestyle or length of stay. Please discuss with your travel health adviser. 

*HEPATITIS B (Hepatitis B is transmitted via blood & other body fluids. Contaminated needles & hospital equipment can serve as routes for transmission. Cuts and & lesions can also provide a portal of entry. It is also spread through s*xual contact and drug abuse).

*RABIES 

Please see Nov '12 information re: Typhoid vaccinations & booster, involving the Typhix brand; YOU MAY NOT BE COVERED: http://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/ShowTopi...

Other health risks you may encounter.

MALARIA – At the time of writing, the only Malarial risk is 69km S.W. of Cairo in the El Faiyûm Oasis region. This can be checked online but your Dr is the one with whom you should ultimately check medical facts.

Quote from: http://wwwn.cdc.gov/travel/destinatio... : Malaria risk area in Egypt: “Very limited risk in El Faiyûm area only. No risk in tourist areas, including Nile River cruises. Risk is very limited; therefore, prophylaxis is not recommended.”

INSURANCE:- Please note that your insurance may be invalidated of you don’t have the recommended jabs & then contract one of the diseases. Staying in the hotel or Sharm area doesn’t guarantee immunity. Nobody can guarantee the hygiene of hotel staff or fellow guests or know their medical conditions / background. Hotel staff are from all over Egypt as are those in restaurants & shops.

Vaccinations are usually free in most parts of the UK except for parts of Scotland & Ireland.

 FURTHER INFORMATION ON THE DISEASES FOR WHICH JABS ARE RECOMMENDED OR TO BE CONSIDERED: - Here's how these diseases are spread.

TYPHOID FEVER, also known as enteric fever, bilious fever or Yellow Jack, is an illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi. Common worldwide, it is transmitted by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with faeces from an infected person. The bacteria grows best at 37°C -human body temperature. (Booster every 3 years)

HEPATITIS A is very common in countries with poor sanitary conditions. Most people get infected during trips to less-developed countries or by direct contact with others infected with hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A virus is present in stools passed by infected persons. It can be transmitted via contaminated food, e.g. shellfish and ice-cream, as well as contaminated water and beverages. The virus can also be spread through contact with an infected person's stools through poor hygiene. Good hygiene reduces the risk of infection. Wash or peel fruits and vegetables during trips to countries with poor sanitary conditions. Unsanitary conditions can allow shellfish to be contaminated by human sewage. (After the initial course, latest info being given is that the boosters are lasting 25 years at least; research is ongoing)

(Whilst Sharm can’t be classed as having poor sanitation, the workers are men from all over Egypt & one can’t be sure of their background or discipline when it comes to personal hygiene; the same as onecan't know anything about fellow guests in the hotels.)

POLIOMYELITIS, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an acute viral infectious disease spread from person to person, primarily via the faecal-oral route by ingesting contaminated food or water. Poliomyelitis is highly contagious and spreads easily from human-to-human contact. It is occasionally transmitted via the oral-oral route, a mode especially visible in areas with good sanitation and hygiene. (Part of the triple jab with tetanus & diphtheria; boosters last 10 yrs.)

DIPTHERIA is an acute respiratory infection caused by the diphtheria bacterium, Corynebacterium diphtheriae and its toxin. This is a serious infection with a high mortality rate, even in Western Europe . The disease is mainly transmitted by droplets from the nose or throat being passed from person to person, e.g. by coughing or sneezing. Protection from the disease comes from having antibodies in the blood - which is the purpose of vaccination. The bacteria can easily be passed on by a person who shows no sign of illness, a so-called 'healthy disease carrier'. (See NOTE below) Diphtheria can also be transmitted by skin-to-skin contact. The bacteria may be found anywhere, but especially in poor or densely populated areas, where some people have not been vaccinated against diphtheria, encouraging the disease to spread.

PLEASE NOTE!! In the early and mid 1990s more than 50,000 people in Russia and the Baltic countries fell ill with diphtheria. (It is not known, at the time of writing, whether the population is now routinely vaccinated against this disease or if some of the people, including those who travel, remain carriers. Boosters last 10 yrs; see Polio)

TETANUS, also known as lockjaw, is a serious but preventable disease that affects the body's muscles and nerves. It typically arises from a skin wound that becomes contaminated by a bacterium called Clostridium tetani, which is often found in soil. Without treatment, tetanus can be fatal. (See Polio – boosters last 10 yrs) It may be wise to keep this updated even if travel is not intended.