Urgup, the tourist center of Cappadocia , has much of its history tied up with this greater, more central Anatolian region.  Ever since the days of being called Osian under the Assyrians and Hagios Prokopios while under the dominion of the early AD Byzantines, Urgup has drawn on its prehistory and constantly developing culture as means through which to define present identity.

Archeological excavations in Urgup and the surrounding area have uncovered walls and floors to houses, investigations that have exposed an ancient culture in the region with a relatively large population that used advanced tools and possessed much architectural acumen.  Bronze weapons and tools have also been found in the region, dating back as far as three thousand BC.  

The Assyrians, Persians, and Hittites brought advanced metallurgy and artistic culture to the Urgup area, and Rome’s conquest of Cappadocia in 17 AD would ultimately lead to unprecedented infrastructural development and economic prosperity.

The Byzantine empire would come, see, and conquer next, infusing the region with Iconoclastic Christian worship, the predominant faith until Seljuk and Ottoman peoples entered, bringing with them the Islamic religion and roots that characterize Urgup to this day.