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Tallahassee began life as an Indian Settlement, first settled by the Apalachee Indians and later by the Seminoles. Tallahassee is named for the Muskogee Indian word for “old fields” which reflects its agricultural roots. In the seventeenth and eighteen centuries, Spanish missionaries moved in to Tallahassee, setting up a number of famous missions including the Mission San Luis de Apalachee which is a modern-day historic site.
In 1821, the United States won Florida away from Spain. Two government sites were originally established, one at S. Augustine, Florida and one at Pensacola, but this proved to be inconvenient and by 1823, Tallahassee, a more central location, was chosen as the governmental meeting place. Florida officially became a state in 1845.
During the Civil War, Tallahassee was a major area of attention. It was the only state capital which was not captured by the Union armed forces during the war. Additionally, it was the home of the famous Battle of Natural Bridge, which is now a Florida State Park.
Today, Tallahassee is primarily a college town as well as an area for government and research services. There are currently a number of revitalization movements going on in Tallahassee to encourage tourism in the area.