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Thanks to its status as a New England city, the city of Concord has a settler’s history. First settled by Native Americans, Concord was a desired spot thanks to its position in the river valley and its excellent farm-worthy soil.
In the 18th century, English-speaking settlers discovered the area, and in turn realized that the easy transportation provided by the Merrimack River and the aforementioned good soil for farming made Concord a good place to settle. So many settlers from the Massachusetts region settled in the town. But Concord was not yet Concord. When it was settled in 1727, it was called Penacock. In 1733, that name was changed to Rumford, and the town was incorporated as Rumford .
As settlers moved into the area, they built homes and many of those homes still stand today at the north end of Main Street.
In 1765, Concord was finally given the name we know today. During the American Revolution its central location made it an obvious choice for the state capital and so it was designated as such in 1808. The 1819 state house was built and today stands as the oldest state house in which the legislative branches still meet in original chambers.