History: The Exmouth area was used in 1942 as a submarine refuelling base by the American navy, supporting activities in WW2,. The United States submarines used this area as a refuelling base and a basic airfield was established nearby at Learmonth for the fighting squadron until it was destroyed by a cyclone in 1945. The USA naval presence was expanded in the late 1970's after Exmouth township was developed in conjunction with the establishment of the the USA Naval Communications Centre Harold E Holt in 1964.

Geographic Location: Exmouth is located uniquely at the tip of a peninsula, with an expanse of tropical coral reef stretching for 150 kilometres around the peninsula ans southwards down past Coral Bay. To the eastern side of the peninsula is the Gulf of Exmouth with relatively safe anchorage and renowned for fishing and prawns. Situated on the west side of the North West Cape is Cape Range National Park, a spectacular place of rugged limestone ranges, breathtaking deep canyons and 50km of pristine beaches. The park covers some 50,581 hectares and its northern boundary is just 40km from Exmouth. In ancient times the range was isolated as an island as rising sea levels inundated lower lying areas.

Wildlife and Plants: Wildlife is abundant with a variety of birds, emus, euros and red kangaroos commonly sighted. As a result of geographic isolation there are some species of plants and animals that are endemic to the area, including the red centred variety of the Sturt Desert Pea. Surveys have recorded over 630 species of flowering plants on the peninsula of Cape Range National Park. This is a surprisingly high number for an arid limestone area.