The area around present-day Salem, the capital of Oregon, was originally inhabited by the Calapooya [aka Kalapuya] Indians. The townsite was founded in 1845, and became Oregon's capital in 1851. It had its beginnings in agriculture, and in 1861 was chosen as the site of the Oregon State Fair, which it continues to host today.  Cherries were an important early crop, and for many years Salem was nicknamed "Cherry City". The Salem area currently grows over 90% of the world's Marionberry supply.

For those interested in learning more about  Salem's history ,   Salem Public Library hosts a website that provides the visitor with all the information about the citys' history and it also includes links to other sites such as the Historic Photograph Collection, Marion County Historical Society, Salem Historical Quaterly, and Willamette Valley Genealogical Society. 

The book:  Salem: A Pictorial History of Oregon's Capital by Harry H Stein will take you on a historical journey of the city.

You can always have a look at the usual guides:

- Moon Handbooks: Oregon by Elizabeth Morris and Mark Morris;

- Frommer's Oregon by Karl Samson;

- Backpacking Oregon by Douglas A. Lorain

- Foghorn Outdoors Oregon Hiking:The Complete Guide to More than 280 Hikes by Megan McMorris.