The town of Frederick looks much today like it did more than 150 years ago, and much of the town retains buildings built before the American Civil War. This was the boom time of the town, which was celebrating its first centennial.

The area had been home to Native American tribes during pre-Colombian times, and the land that is modern day Frederick County was part of the Maryland colony founded by the British in the 16th century. However, it wasn’t until the early 18th century that land speculators began to settle the area that would become Frederick. The first group of 100 settlers arrived in 1745 and found Frederick Town, with the formation of the Country of Frederick three years later.

The area saw little activity during the American Revolution, and it thrived in the new post-revolutionary United States, first with the arrival of the National Road in 1808, and then the arrival of the C&O Canal and later railroad in the late 1820s and early 1830s.

The town was as divided as the nation during the American Civil War, and the nearby Battle of Monocacy was fought to the south of the city. Following the war progress continued, with electricity coming to Frederick in 1888, and at the turn of the century a city trolley system was added.

Today, Frederick is Maryland’s second largest city yet it retains many of its small town charms, and features numerous cultural and historic attractions.