The Dana Sanctuary is the only protectorate in Jordan that contains the four vital geographical regions: the Mediterranean region, the Iranian province of Tawrani, the territory of the Arabian desert, and the Sudanese territory. Therefore, it is the most diversified region in Jordan in terms of environmental regulations and vegetation patterns such as juniper style, evergreen oak style, sand dunes pattern, Sudanese plant pattern and many others. It is also characterized as the habitat of the remainder of the perennial natural cypress forests.
The Dana Sanctuary is home to more than 800 vegetarian species, three of which can only be found anywhere in the world, and the names of these plants in Latin include the word Dana.
The Dana Sanctuary boasts a unique and significant diversity of wildlife, including rare flora and fauna. It is home to many species of globally threatened mammals birds, such as Syrian Nasar, AWISQ, Afghan Fox, and mountain goats. Protected is one of the best places in the world that supports the presence of Syrian Nasar and supports the presence and reproduction of Saqr al-Owasq. The reserve (656) has a species of animals, including 200-300 species of invertebrates, two amphibians, and 39 species of reptiles, four of which are threatened By extinction, such as the Chameleon, the pack, the Laurel and the Greek turtle, the number of birds in Jordan generally ranges between 400 and 430 species, followed by 20 and 55 families, mostly immigrant, and 209 bird species were registered in Dana, of which 33 species are of global significance.
The main threats to the region's natural environment continue to include overgrazing, logging, fishing and, in particular, the hunting of the body and the bird of the Shinar.