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Ancient Egyptian religion

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Ancient Egyptian religion

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Removed on: 22 September 2009, 12:36
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1. Re: Ancient Egyptian religion

I’m not an Egyptologist. However I gathered the following information through my readings:

In ancient Egypt, people believed that Osiris was the God who rose from the dead. Therefore Pharos of the old kingdom associated with him, believing that they would inherit eternal life. In the New Kingdom some ordinary citizens were also associated with the God Osiris for the same reason.

Crossed arms (right over left)) were a sign of kingship, reserved strictly for the mummies of the male pharaohs, especially in the New Kingdom. Throughout the Old and Middle Kingdoms bodies were mummified with their arms at their sides. It’s believed that crossed-arms position for kings had been initiated with the mummification of “Thutmose II.”

CHEERS

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2. Re: Ancient Egyptian religion

As Mofiosso has said, according to legend, King (& God) Osiris was the first mummy.

Having been killed & dismembered by his brother Seth, his body parts scattered all over Egypt & then collected by his sister/wife Isis. Isis then bound them together, with linen bandages & brought Osiris back to life, by use of magic (one of her titles was "Great of Magic"), for just long enough to conceive their son Horus.

Horus would later go on to reclaim the Kingship; a very long & complex story, whilst Osiris became both the King of the underworld; & judge of the dead, as well as being a fertility god (hence the fact his skin is either painted black, for the earth, or green, for the crops).

From this it became accepted, quite early on, that the King was actually the living personification of Horus (& the son of the Sun God Ra, & the son of Amun(-Ra)) & then assume the role of Osiris when he died.

Thus the King was responsible for the preservation of the natural order, Ma'at, when alive & the continued fertility & prosperity of Egypt, when dead. (This is only one of the many destinies that awaited the dead King - the Egyptians never seem to have discarded old ideas in religion, even when new ones came along.)

As for the crossed position of Osiris' hands, this is actually a traditional way of depicting the King; dating right the way back to, at least the early Dynastic period, &, as Osiris was seen as being King of the Underworld, it was only natural that he should be depicted with his arms in this position.

Hope I've managed to cover the main points, without getting too detailed.

Glen

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3. Re: Ancient Egyptian religion

Hi,

Just to continue from the posts above.....

When Set dismembered Osiris & scattered his body parts over Egypt, his "wedding tackle" (& I do hope I don't have to explain that further!) was placed at Abydos.

Isis was distraught & asked the jackal-headed God Anubis (her nephew, as he was born to her sister Nephthys after a one night stand with Osiris, but Isis forgave her sister) to help gather all the pieces. Isis taught Anubis all she knew about magic, lotions, potions & poisons.

They gathered all the parts of Osiris & the Immacualte Conception of Horus was at Abydos. Isis wept & created the Nile.

After that, with his new knowledege, Anubis created the 1st Mummy, his dad, Osiris. Osiris & Anubis (note the black colour as the previous poster said) are sort of like Pluto, the Gods of the Underworld, but shouldn't be feared as they instigate transformation into the next world, re-birth.

Anubis aids his dad in the Underworld & weighs the heart against the feather of the Goddess of Justice, Order & Equilibrium, Ma'at (she has wings & a feather in her head-dress & many shop keepers don't know the difference between her & Isis with their statues that they sell). The Pharaoh ruled by the Laws of Ma'at.

The Underworld has great depths & one should look deep within to ensure one lives a "correct" & virtuous life, so is guaranteed to pass thru the stages in the Underworld & pass all the tests to get into the Field of Reeds. Anubis helps to seek out our INner Truth & helps us bare our soul en route to the Snales of Justice, thru the Hidden Ways of the Underworld (aka the Duat).

The symbol of the Crook & Flail, which are placed in the crosssed hands of the Mummy & are held by Osiris:

The symbol of the crook is similar to that of the stick & its derivatives, namely power, Kingship, authority. The Royal Egyptian symbol was called “Heka” when it was in the shape of a shepherd’s crook & “Was” when it had the head of a canine & 2-pronged base; normally only the Gods had the “Was”.

The triple sceptre was made up of a whip, staff & stick, representing domination over matter, control of feeling, & domination of thought. It’s as symbol of the central axis, like the king himself, the intermediary between Gods & his subjects - a guarantee of peace & justice.

The Royal symbol of the Kings was adopted from Osiris & the ancient shepherd Deity, Andjeti. It denoted the Pharaoh’s role as guardian of the People of the Nile. The name for a flail was “Nekhaka”. The flail was a symbol of the people & the fertility of the land.

Heka also means magic; it was the 1st word uttered by the Creator God, so that Creation could begin. Heka ( a force) resided in everything & was personified as a separate God too.

Regards

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4. Re: Ancient Egyptian religion

OH!

:-0

A typo!

"the Snales of Justice"

I mean the SCALES of Justice!

(What a strange image!)

:-0

5. Re: Ancient Egyptian religion

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6. Re: Ancient Egyptian religion

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Removed on: 22 September 2009, 12:05
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7. Re: Ancient Egyptian religion

The crossed hands are holding the crook & flail, as explained above; the hands are crossed over the heart, the seat of the soul.

Jackals were feared by the Egyptians as they used to hang around the desert where the 1st burials would take place & as the desert sands are not deep, as there is rock underneath, the jackals would scavenge the bones of the dead.

The Ancients would turn anything they feared into something to worship, thinking that if they did this, they would be protected by the animal, rather than hunted by it. Jackals became Guardians of the Dead, Guardians of the Land & "Ruler of the 9 Bows" (that is the Protector of the Pharaoh & Egypt against it's traditional 9 enemies.)

Anubis was Lord of Divination (bowls had his image on the bottom) He is Lord of Dreams, Soul Protector, Soul Nurturer, Protector of Orphans & The Lost & Truth Seeker.

They also worshipped the crocodile, Sobek, to stop him attacking them...again, a creature which they feared.

Egypt tour Guide, you have just given yourself away as having more then one user name, (which was also obvious last night) which is against TA rules as you have replied as someone else!

I'll send you my bill for giving you this info for your prospective clients!

Regards

8. Re: Ancient Egyptian religion

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Removed on: 22 March 2010, 05:21