Herefordshire is one of my favorite places to visit in the UK! It takes at least 3 hours from Heathrow to get to Hereford, but it's well worth it!
The area is just charming! It's not full of tourists, just regular folk going about their daily business! Hereford is a market town. The name "Hereford" is said to come from the Anglo Saxon "here", an army or formation of soldiers, and the "ford", a place for crossing a river. If this is the origin it suggests that Hereford was a place where a body of armed men forded or crossed the Wye. The Welsh name for Hereford is Henffordd, meaning "old road", and probably refers to the Roman Road and Roman settlement at nearby Stretton Sugwas. There is quite a bit of history here.
Hereford Cathedral dates from 1079 and contains the Mappa Mundi, a medieval map of the world dating from the 13th century which was restored in the late 20th century. It also contains the world famous Chained Library. I highly recommend a visit!
In nearby Madley, the village church of St Mary is one of the best known local examples of Norman architecture with gargoyles carved into the tower itself. The church is said to be linked to Cublington Castle near Shenmore via a medieval tunnel system. Cublington Castle was a frontline castle during medieval times in the Welsh Marches when the English and Welsh almost constantly fought for control of this part of England. Madley is most famous as the birthplace of Saint Dubricius, the 6th century evangelist of South Wales.
Nearby is Symonds Yat, which has beautiful views of the surrounding countryside and a lovely pub! Also, there's the Shortwood Farm in nearby Bromyard which offers a lovely farm tour with a twist! In Fownhope, there's the Green Man pub which dates back to the 1400's. Lovely building and good food!