Like pretty much all ruined Scottish castles, history abounds.
There has been a castle on this site since the 12th century, although, totally rebuilt and rebuilt again over the next couple of centuries, due to various tiffs and changes of hands between the Scots and English, it has been pretty much in a state of ruin since the 17th.
It's well worth a visit, just for the views over the North Sea, as you imagine what it would have been like in all of its former glory. There is an excellent exhibition in the visitor centre, before you enter the castle, which should be wandered round at a leisurely pace, so that by the time you're inside you know the history, and what you're looking at.
But what really sets it apart from everywhere else is the bottle dungeon, and the tunnel. Fascinating. As far as I know, you won't see these elsewhere on your travels.
The bottle dungeon is an inescapable dank hole cut out of solid rock below the north-west tower, which housed local petty criminals in the main. Once in, there was no way out until they let you out. It must have been pretty horrific, but makes for an interesting ponder now! I bet they didn't get many repeat offenders in there!
But the best bit is the mine tunnel, which was dug from outside the castle in attempt to capture/destroy it during one of Scotland's many religion rooted skirmishes, to be met by a counter mine dug by the defenders, which intercepted the attack. This can be explored by visitors. Again, read all about it in the exhibition before you go in, and think about the work involved to carve through that solid rock, pretty much because different people believed in marginally differing flavours of gods.
Overall - St Andrews is a brilliant town anyway, and this should be part of anyone's visit.
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