This is a site recently restored in collaboration between local neighbors, former residents, the MUHBA (Barcelona HIstory Museum), architects, and the Memorial Democratic. It was an anti-aircraft battery in use by the Spanish Republican government to defend Barcelona from aerial bombardments from fascist General Francisco Franco and his Italian Fascist allies. Barcelona along with Guernica were cities that suffered brutal bombardments that killed thousands of civilians. After the war, a shanty town existed at the site from 1930-1990. Residents included poverty-stricken immigrant workers displaced by the war, and others who were homeless after political purges carried out by the victorious fascist dictatorship. The site is unique in that it commemorates the efforts to defend the democratic Republic and the besieged city, as well as brings to light the forgotten histories of residents of the shantytown, one of several in the city. You may access the site on your own (Bus 28 from Passeig de Gracia takes you to the bottom of the hill - the main path to the site), or with wonderful guided tours offered by the MUHBA (a very small fee is charged, it's worth it!), the site also has lots of signs that are quite informative and they are in English/Catalan/Spanish. HIghly recommended! Note that this is not wheelchair accessible, it is a high point in the city, and requires a walk uphill and climbing of numerous steps to go around the site. There is a bar at the bottom of the hill, but no public restroom as of yet (a second phase will include a small museum, bathrooms, and other facilities).
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