This is the iconic landmark seen from entire city. It marks the Jerusalem landscape. For Muslims it's a third holy place (after Mecca and Medina) from where Abraham ascended to heaven. It is also a conflicting site between Jews and Muslims since two Jewish temples stood on the same place.
My tips for visiting this place will be for NON Muslims (as a Muslim you can enter it from any gate and whenever you want).
One thing to be clear: you can visit the plateau where it is on Temple mount, you CANNOT go inside the mosque (neither the Dome of the Rock nor El Aksa which stands opposite it).
Now, the only way in is from a gate close to the Western (wailing wall). The authorities permit two entry times, the first one between 8 and 9 AM, the second around noon (don't know the exact time). I strongly advise the morning one, because at noon gets very hot and there is no shade while waiting in a line. To enter in the morning be there at 7 AM at latest (we were at that time and barely made it). There's a strict control while entering the site, something like on the airports. Don't argue and don't be nervous with the authorities.
DON'T take ANY food and drinks (except water) nor any religious items, you won't be allowed to enter.
After the control point you will enter the plateau over a ramp just over the wailing wall. On the plateau beside the magnificent Dome of the Rock you'll find another El Aksa mosque and hundreds of prayers all around. Take a walk around the Dome, it is outstanding (the dome is not of pure gold as one said, it is of aluminium plates covered with gold). Approach the defending walls for great views of the Mount of Olives.
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