The island of St. Kitts, along with the town of Basseterre has a long, and unfortunately a somewhat tragic history that includes numerous sieges, massacre of the native tribes and the slave trade. This includes the former Pall Mall Square, which was built in 1790, and was used for slave auctions. Numerous Georgian era homes line the square, which was renamed Independence Square in 1983 to commemorate the independence of St. Kitts and Nevis.

Outside of town is BIoody Point at Palmetto Bay. This infamous location was where in 1626 a combined force of French and English settlers massacred more than 2,000 Carib Indians. A force of Caribs from the neighboring islands, fearing expansion into their lands, had arrived to help attack the European settlers. Instead of attacking the settlers, the Caribs faced an assault from the Europeans that essentially destroyed all their settlements on St. Kitts.

More colonial history can be seen across the island, including the nearby Brimstone Hill Fortress, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Today this remains one of the most impressive colonial era forts. Built in the 1690s, the fort is more than 800-feet above sea level, and has views of six adjacent islands: Nevis, Montserrat, Saba, St. Barts, St. Eustatius and St. Martin. The fortress is an example of the colonial era “polygonal system” of ramparts.

In the town the National Museum is housed in the Old Treasury Building. This two-story 19 th century structure was built in the Neo-Georgian style is home to numerous Kittitian artifacts including native and folk art, along with numerous pieces from the colonial era.