When compared to many cities that surround it, Montpellier has a relatively young history, as its first settlement only dates back to the 10 th century.   The rulers of this city during the next 200 years were the Guilhem family.

            During the 13 th century, Montpellier became a very important trading center between the Mediterranean, northern Europe, and Spain.  

            During the late 13 th century, there had been a school of law and school of medicine established in the city, which had both begun flourishing.   In 1289 the current Pope (Nicholas IV) granted the established schools the titles of Universities.

            It was in 1349 when Montpellier was sold to the Kingdom of France, and for a while after it was considered to be one of France’s most important cities.  However, not long after a vicious plague swept through the city and killed many of its inhabitants.  The city suffered for many years.  Eventually, by the 1400’s the city had recovered both population-wise and economically.

            The War of Religions, which took control of the area during the 16 th century, had many impacts on the city’s architecture.   The subsequent two centuries saw many of these architectural achievements remodeled and renovated.  

            During the 17 th century, Montpellier became the royal capital of Languedoc.

            With the 19 th century came the introduction of wine making to the area, which helped build the economy and provide local citizens with larger incomes.  

            For more information, and the history leading up to current times, check out this detailed history of Montpellier .