Travel within Munich and Munich greater area

Munich is very much a walkable city, but there are many other means of transportation.
The Munich Transport and Tariff Association (MVV) consists of several methods of transportation: S-Bahn, U-Bahn, tram, city bus, and regional bus. 

The web-page of the public-transport-company in Munich (MVV)  is  (also in English).  On this website, you can find the appropriate ticket for your traveling needs. You can also plan journeys using as the start and/or end point normal street addresses, so you don't have to know the name of the stop nearest to your hotel. 

Example of a ticket choice: If you are staying in Munich for several days and are sightseeing in the city, you might consider buying a 3-day partner pass (covers the inner zone/white zone only and is valid for up to 5 adults).
A CityTourCard is also available to visitors of Munich.  It includes public transportation and discounts in Munich.  Click here to find out more about the CityTourCard.  There are many other ticket options where you can choose a specific zone to travel within.

Before getting the CityTourCard which is more expensive than normal MVV public transport tickets that just cover the transport it's a good idea to check their list of discounts and add see whether it won't be cheaper to just get cheaper MVV tickets and pay full price entry fees:
Overview of MVV Partner Day Tickets:
Overview of MVV Single Day tickets:

Explanation of districts:
To see in which district a stop is where you want to go, have a look at this map of Munich public transport. The districts are shaded in the below colours:

■  Inner district (Innenraum) - white zone
■  Munich XXL (München XXL) - white and green zone, includes Dachau
■  Outer district (Außenraum) - green, yellow and red zone
■  Entire network (Gesamtnetz) - all four zones. You will need this if you want to go to/from Munich airport (it's 40km from the centre)


Travel within Bavaria

For travelling around Bayern you can use the "Bayern Ticket". The Bayern Ticket is valid on all public transport in Bayern including the Deutsche Bahn network (with the exception of the ICE and IC Trains). This includes all Regional Trains, Buses and City networks (e.g. includes MVV Network in Munich and similar networks in Augsburg and Nürnberg). These tickets can also be purchased for a Single Person or as a Partner version for a group of up to 5 persons (or parents or 1 parent or grandparent with unlimited kids).

This ticket is also valid as far as Salzburg and Kufstein and therefore ideal for a group day trip. They are valid from 0900 Mon-Fri until 0300 the following morning from day of purchase. Weekends and official holidays they are valid from Midnight until 0300 the following morning from day of purchase.

For further information see Deutsche Bahn's page on Laender tickets (Bavaria is one of Germany's Laender=states):