The civilized history of Cordoba dates back more than 2000 years to the Roman times, when the city was the capital of the province known as Hispania Baetica.  Cordoba was such an important part of the Roman Empire that many lavish buildings and constructions were erected all around the city, some of which can still be seen today.

During the beginning of the 8th century, Cordoba was invaded and taken over by a group of Muslim soldiers.  A few years later in 716 under Islamic rule, the city was made its administrative center. 

In 750 the Caliphs dynasty moved to Cordoba, where it would stay until 929.  Then, transfer of power based on conflicting claims of Caliph kept a dynasty in Cordoba. It was during the second half of the 10th century that Cordoba experienced its largest growth in urban development. 

Muslim rule over Cordoba continued for two centuries until 1236, when Christian invaders took the land for themselves.  During the centuries that followed the Christian overtaking, the area experienced the construction of synagogues, churches, and many famous towers that still stand today. 

Today, Cordoba is part of the Andalusia region of Spain.