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Marbella was a fortified city during the Middle Ages. The walls were probably built in the 10th century during the reign of Abderraman III. They were later enlarged during the 14th century during the Nazari era and had a great strategic value. The walls were built after the rebellion of Omar ben Hafsun was repressed. They were also built to prevent attacks from North Africa. The walls are located in the Historic Center of Marbella.
There are two defensive towers at the castle, known as El Castilo. The castle was the political and administrative center of the city. Today the walls contain two public schools and some houses. The walls were built over the remains of a Roman wall and enclosed 90,000 square meters of city. It is thought that there was a Roman town here between the second and first centuries B.C. One can still see in the walls the remains of Ionic capitals.
Changes were made to the walls after the Christian conquest in 1485, to make them resistant to artillery fire. In 1786 King Carlos III ordered the destruction of all city walls in Spain.
A visit to the walls can start at Calle Carmen. Then one goes up stairs to Plaza de San Bernabe. One continues at Calle Castillo and then Calle Barbacana, ending at Calle Portada.