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Palma de Mallorca Cathedral
The Palma de Mallorca Cathedral was ordered built by King Jaume I in 1230 after he conquered the city from the Moors. It was built on top of the old mosque in that place, called the Medina Mayurka mosque. The church sits on top of a small hill that has spectacular views of the bay and the fishing port below. The church is mainly Gothic, but there are several styles, since the construction continued into the early 17th century. There was a partial reconstruction after an earthquake in the middle of the 19th century damaged the church. Between 1904 and 1914, Antoni Gaudi transferred the choir to the Royal Chapel to gain space in the central nave. He also designed the wrought iron baldachin and the wrought iron rings on the pillars. Recently a giant ceramic mural by Miquel Barcelo (the most famous Mallorcan artist) was placed in one of the apses. The cathedral is considered as a jewel of Gothic art and is huge, occupying an area of 7000 square meters, and about 18,000 people fit in the church.
The main doorway has a Renaissance style and was constructed by M. Verger between 1594 and 1601. There is a very large rose window in the facade that has a high tower (62 meters high) on each side of it. The rose window is almost 100 square meters in size and is the largest Gothic rose window in the world. Over the main doorway is a statue of the Immaculate Conception that has the Plateresque style.
On the right side of the church, facing the sea, is the Portal del Mirador. This is also known as the Sea Door or Sea Viewpoint. The portal is Gothic in style and was constructed in the 14th and 15th centuries. The tympanum of the doorway has wonderful Gothic bas-reliefs that show the Last Supper and above this is an engraving of the Lord with six angels. These were created by the artist Guillermo Sagrera. On the left side is the Portal de l'Alomoina. This has the Gothic style of the 15th century. Beside it is the bell tower, which has a bell called Eloi, which weighs more than 5000 kilos and marks the hours and can be heard all over the island. There are eight other bells in this tower.
The interior of the church has three naves, with the central nave being the widest. Their ribbed vaults are supported by octagonal columns that are 20 meters high. The Royal Chapel has walnut seats in the Plateresque style and a Renaissance pulpit from the 16th century, a work of J. Salas. Behind the altar is the Chapel of La Trinitat with an episcopal seat from the 13th century, made of Carrara marble. There are also the tombs of Kings Jaume I and Jaume II. There are side chapels with works of art, such as the Gothic tomb of the Bishop Galiana, created by the artist F. Camprodon in 1364. The Cathedral Museum contains the impressive cloister and the Altarpiece of Santa Eularia de Merida.