Capri is a place rife with history.  Archaeology in the area has turned up information which suggests that there were human settlers in the area as far back as the Neolithic period, known more commonly as the Stone Age.  To put things in perspective, this means that there were humans living on Capri almost ten thousand years ago.  Though there are no historical sites dating back this far, of course, there are plenty of historical sites dating back to the beginning of more modern history.  For example, Villa Jovis, which was erected around the year 30, is a villa which is preserved to this day.

Though originally dominated by Rome, Capri was also controlled by other people at different times in its history.  For example, Naples ran the island for awhile and by Amalfi after that.  (These are nearby areas of Italy.)  Throughout much of this time, though the area was technically controlled by these places, it was largely a place run by pirates.  This occurred for over five hundred years of the history of Capri, with the most famous pirate battles taking place in the sixteenth century.

At the beginning of the nineteenth century, other parts of Europe began to develop an interest in Capri.  The French were the first to take over the island.  They were quickly kicked out by the British who used it as a base for their navy for a time.  The French then re-conquered the area, only to leave shortly thereafter when control returned to Italy.  The late nineteenth century saw peace in the area, with many Renaissance artists making it their temporary home.  More information on the history of the area is online at http://www.travelplan.it/capri_guide_... or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capri.