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This is perhaps the most-visited museum on the island of Crete. It is mainly known as having the best collection of ancient Minoan artifacts in the world. For those who don't know, the Minoans were a civilization that flourished on Crete in the second and third centuries BCE, and are responsible for bringing the labyrinth to the world. The museum was built around 1910, and contains twenty rooms that display artifacts covering a period of 5,000 years. Collections include pottery, stone carvings, engravings, sculpture and frescoes. Admission costs 10 euros for adults, with discounts for students and senior citizens.
Another site popular with visitors to Heraklion, this museum aims to present a comprehensive view of Cretan history. Visitors will learn about the city's ancient Christian roots and follow the development of the city through Byzantine, Venetian and Ottoman eras to the present day. Highlights include paintings by El Greco and the collection of priceless ceramics, documents, coins and other artifacts. Admission for adults is 5 euros, with discounts for students and senior citizens. Children under twelve get in free.