Stockholm was founded in the early thirteen century by Earl Birger Magnusson of Bjalbo, more commonly known as Birger Jarl.  It is said that he built the city in the year 1252, although historical accounts vary regarding this date.  Birger Jarl is commemorated in Stockholm today with a statue located at the Ridderholm Church.  More information on Birger Jarl is available online at

Life was relatively peaceful in Stockholm until the beginning of the fifteenth century, when Stockholm became an important area in the history of Denmark.  The Kalmar Union was undergoing crisis in the area, culminating in a massive massacre which occurred in 1520 and is known as the Stockholm Bloodbath.

After this tumultuous time in Stockholm’s history, Stockholm began to grow as a city and cultural center.  Growth continued in to the seventeenth century.  In 1634, Stockholm was officially named the capital of Sweden.  Unfortunately, less than one hundred years later, Stockholm was again struck with a difficult period.  This was related to the Great Northern War and is known as the Black Death.  Growth in the area stopped for approximately another hundred years.

At the end of the nineteenth century, Stockholm began to see another period of growth.   Industrialization led to a boom in the economy and Stockholm became a key trading spot in the area.   Stockholm continues to grow and diversify today.