People
Nationality: Noun and adjective --Monegasque.
Population: 32,409 (July 2005 est.).
Annual growth rate (2005 est.): 0.43%.
Ethnic groups (2003): French 31.95%, Italian 20.02%, Monegasque 19.02%, British 5.32%, Swiss 2.78%, German 2.54%, Belgian 2.46%, American 1.22%, and other 14.7%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%.
Languages: French (official), English, Italian, and Monegasque (a blend of French and Italian).
Education: Years compulsory --10, ages 6-16. Attendance --99%. Literacy --99%.
Health (2005 est.): Infant mortality --5.43/1,000. Life expectancy --75.7 yrs. male; 83.63 yrs. female. Birth rate (July 2005 est.)--9.26 births/1,000 population. Death rate (July 2005 est.)--12.71 deaths/1,000 population.
Work force (2003, 41,708): Private sector --37,949. Public sector --3,759. Services --83.5%. Banking --23.43%. Tourism and hotel --11.64%. Retail --4.92%. Construction and public works --32.02%. Industry --6.98%.

In July 2005, Monaco's population was estimated at 32,409, with an estimated average growth rate of 0.43%.

French is the official language; English, Italian, and Monegasque (a blend of French and Italian) also are spoken. The literacy rate is 99%. Roman Catholicism is the official religion, with freedom of other religions guaranteed by the constitution.