Belize is sometimes called one of the seven Underwater Wonders of the World. In other words, the underwater sights are spectacular, since Belize has the world’s second largest reef that runs in an unbroken line for 150 miles.   There are also a scattering of cayes, (or mini islands), that are tiny and uninhabited.   These little islands that line the mainland of Belize have their own coral reefs as well. Some of the bigger ones, like Ambergris Caye, have resorts that host international divers. Some of the best developed sections of the reef are south of Columbus Reef . Good dive sites are Lighthouse Reef , which has walls that drop thousands of feet as well as the Blue Hole (see Where to Go , National Parks section). Divers can hire boats to various popular sites.

In Belize, the water is cerulean blue and as warm as a bath (from about 79 degrees to 84 degrees).   Since the bottom of the ocean can be from 5 to 35 feet depending on where one is, divers enjoy exploring the reefs from the cayes. The waters are home to millions of exotic, tropical fish of all shapes and types and striking coral formations. Some of the bigger fish seen in Belizean waters are nurse sharks (which are tame for the shark species, but regardless, divers should keep their distance!), giant groupers, and barracuda.

Travelers should note that there is strict policy of taking away coral or turtles from these waters and that ship wrecks and treasures are also government-protected. (For more information, see )

Windsurfing and swimming are also popular off the cayes. In addition, Belize offers kayaking and canoeing trips on many of Belize’s rivers is also popular.

For visitors who like land rather than water, one activity avialble is Birdwatching. In the Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary , Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary , Silk Grass Greek Road and the Mountain Pine Ridge , there are thousands of species of birds (see ).