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In spite of the extensive damage that was inflicted on the city during the Second World War, a surprising amount of Kiev's historic architecture remains. The Maryinski Palace, one of Kiev's most famous buildings, was built in the middle of the 18th Century by Princess Elizaveta Petronova of Russia. The palace was destroyed by fire in the 1870's and subsequently rebuilt by Czar Alexander II using watercolor paintings of the original building as a guide. After sustaining extensive damage in World War II, today the palace has again been restored and serves as the ceremonial resisdence of Ukraine's president. Portions of the palace are open to the public.
Other historic Kiev buildings open to visitors include its churches, all recently restored. St. Sophia Cathedral is one of the city's most famous, named for the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople, now Istanbul. The structure was built in the early 11th Century and served as a church until it was slated for destruction by the Soviets in the 1930's. It was saved largely by tireless campaigns by Ukrainian historians and scientists. The church is open to visitors today after being restored. St. Sophia CathedralModern Kiev is a mix of the old (Kiev preserved about 70 percent of more than 1,000 buildings built during 1907–1914) and the new , seen in everything from the architecture to the stores and to the people themselves.
The Kiev National University of Construction and Architecture is the largest and most important building and architectural university of Ukraine located in the nation's capital Kiev.Kyiv has different types of architecture and you need to see it to understand the soul of city,it depends on you how you will see Kyiv - modern, mystic , ancient. You will remember this city by its own architecture.