Since tourism is one of Egypt’s major sources of income, the Egyptian authorities are dedicated to safeguarding the security of tourists. There are armed police guarding most attractions, transportation stations, and hotels, and it is likely that they will ask to check your bag upon entering most large buildings (although the bag check is often only cursory for foreigners). Since 9/11, there has been an increase in anti-Western feelings, especially anti-American and anti-Semitic. But while the locals may not aggress with Western politics—and it is best to avoid discussing politics—they are not typically hostile toward Americans visitors. Violent crime is rare, but pickpockets and pursesnatchers are not uncommon in crowded places. Foreign visitors should use common sense, such as carrying large denominations of cash and most cards in a money belt, using the hotel safe for your valuables and especially your passport, and avoiding secluded places when out all alone at night. In case of an emergency, from Alexandria you can dial the police at 122.

In terms of health, avoid the tap water (unless it's boiled) if possible. Though it’s not really dangerous, it can leave your stomach in knots if you’re not accustomed the local bacteria. Stick with bottled water, skip the ice, and eat cooked food wherever possible. If you are not eating in good standard restaurants or self-catering it’s also good to avoid dairy products, salads and peel fruit. Even so, some tourists get diarrhea at some point during their visit. If you do get sick, pharmacies are usually open until at least 9pm, some are 24-hours, and are marked with signs of a snake coiled around an apothecary’s cup. In Alexandria, most have English-speaking staff. In an emergency, dial 123 for an ambulance.