By plane:  The airport serving Manaus is the Eduardo Gomes International Airport ( http://airport.u.nu/MAO).  This airport is served by numerous Brazilian airlines, with the most commonly used one being Varig.  It should be noted that airlines and flight schedules change frequently so visitors should contact their airlines directly prior to flight to insure that all is occurring according to schedule.  There are also major international airlines flying in to nearby Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo – visitors may want to consider looking in to these airports as a means of reaching the area.

By boat:  Manaus is located on the Amazon River , an excellent avenue for reaching the area by boat.  Many people who head to this area choose to take a river tour which stops at various spots along the way.  Cruises are not an uncommon method of getting to Manaus .

By bus:   There is a bus station located approximately five miles outside of the center of Manaus .   Visitors who take the bus to this station will have to walk or arrange for other transportation from there.   The bus service is slow, but it is a viable means of getting to Manaus for those people interested in traveling inexpensively.

By car:   There are two highways which lead in to Manaus .   However, these are very undeveloped highways in a country which is known for having bad drivers, so getting in to the area by car is strongly advised against.

By bus/car: If you consider to come / go afar traveling overland to and from Manaus, take note of the  non-existence of the road BR-319 Humaitá - Manaus, although still on the maps.

From local Humaita, AM, source Marlene Gravena (free translation from Portuguese)

BR-319 was inaugurated in 1973 during the Brazilian military regime, within the context of colonization of the Amazon. According to sources, the work was done in a hurry, without a foundation of gravel under the asphalt. Some years later the stretch of highway Humaitá - Manaus was blocked for lack of traffic conditions. Wetlands, many broken wooden bridges and ferries without maintenance contributed to the fact that the highway was without conditions to be used any longer.

In its final days of use it took the bus up to 10 days to cover the 680 km.

Therefore, the surroundings of the road suffered less from poaching and deforestation than other parts of the Amazon, but on the other side access to Manaus can only be done by boat or plane, with no regular bus service between Manaus and most of the country. The boat ride between Porto Velho and Manaus takes about 4 days.

Who suffers most from this situation is the population of Humaitá, Amazon State, 680 km from Manaus , since a boat trip to the capital becomes very slow while the cost of flying is very high.

Currently traffic is only possible in the stretch Porto Velho - Humaita (200 km), but also in poor conditions.

The announcement of the revitalization of the BR-319 made by Transport Minister Alfredo Nascimento in 2005 encouraged the occupation of public land located along the highway, in the municipalities of Careiro Brown, Beruri, Manaquiri, Nova Olinda do Norte, Borba, New Aripuanã Manicoré and Humaita in Amazonas.

The stretch - which passes through the municipalities in question - is part of an area of 680 km, where the highway is completely impassable and therefore has to be practically rebuilt.

Environmentalists believe that these works can lead to deforestation and disordered occupation of the highway environment: Since its announcement, two settlements were set up at the roadside (Castanho and Tupana Igapó-Açu).

The work has already been banned more than once due to lack of studies of the environmental impact it will cause.