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Thousands of years ago, Prescott was a flourishing village with as many as 100,000 people living in the area, most likely Native Americans of the Yavapai Tribe. But Prescott didn’t really get placed on a map until 1838, when gold was discovered here.
Following that discovery, Prescott was considered a lucrative area, and in 1861, the area drew the attention of President Abraham Lincoln, who was looking for the North during the Civil War. He created the Arizona Territory in 1864.
By 1865, Prescott had grown substantially and was unique in two ways – the city’s buildings were built almost exclusively out of wood and the town was inhabited almost entirely by Americans. It was the original capital of Arizona, but first lost that title to Tucson and then Phoenix in 1889.
In 1900, Prescott famously burned to the ground, and was rebuilt and today, the city’s architecture is a draw for many tourists who enjoy looking at the historic Victorian homes, the white granite courthouse and the sprawling green lawns. Much of the architecture of Prescott is a nod to the city’s pioneers, who hailed from New England and Midwestern towns.