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Before the rush to California began and the land was colonized by Spain, the area that Pasadena encompasses was inhabited by the Hahamogna Tribe of Indians. With the arrival of the Spaniards however, the Indians were controlled, put to work, and forced to convert to Christianity.
One of the major labor forces established by the Spaniards was the
San Gabriel Mission, which still exists today. Its organization commenced work on orchards and vineyards which were turning quite prosperous. But the land was still in a juggling state and was lost by the Spaniards to the Mexicans. An end came to the land's bouncing ball effect in 1850 however, when California officially became a state for the USA.
The great land and prospering vineyards and orchards were on a rise as was tourism up until the Depression settled in. Business and population both suffered in Pasadena at this time, cancelling out the uphill motion it was traveling at pre-depression era. The city was forced to turn to industrial growth during World War II, tourism was dead and hotels were used for storing purposes or army hospitals.
Because of the war however, industry now was booming in Pasadena and so tourism was able to grow back at a steady pace once the depression era fizzled out. The city's proximity to Los Angeles and ideal weather helped to bring the city back on its feet in no time.