Before any European settlers came to the Stone Mountain area, it had been home to several tribes and clans of native people for perhaps thousands of years.  Archaeologists have found evidence of many different tribes living there over time in ancient stone walls and burial mounds.  At the time that the first white explorers came to the area, in the 16th Century, Stone Mountain was the home of the Creek Indians. 

By the early 19th Century, Stone Mountain was becoming heavily settled by Europeans who took much of the Creek Indians' land in the Fourth Georgia Land Lottery, paying only $19 for 200 acres.  Forts, roads, and farms were built along with a post office, a hotel, and several stores.  The mountain itself provided the town with work, as its granite began to be quarried in large amounts in the 1850's.  The quarry business spurred the construction of the area's first railroad in the late 19th Century.  Granite production continued there until the 1970's.

Stone Mountain is also the location where the Ku Klux Klan reformed in 1915 and continued to hold meetings there regularly for the next 45 years. The location became so notorious that Martin Luther King, Jr. made mention of it in his "I Have a Dream" speech at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. in August 1963:  ". . .Let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia . . .".

Today Stone Mountain is a quaint, quiet suburb of Atalanta, its most notable tourist attraction being the mountain-side carving of the Civil War figures Stonewall Jackson, Robert E. Lee, and Jefferson Davis.