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The history of Columbus, Ohio dates back to ancient times when Native American Indian tribes lived in the area. A few of the largest tribes that lived in what is now known as Columbus were the Miami, Delaware, and Shawnee. These tribes, in addition to others, were forced out of the area by white settlers. The Native Americans did all they could to retain their land, but eventually lost – similar to what happened to other tribes in most other locations around the country.
Ohio became an official state in 1803, and the capital of Columbus was established in 1812. As with most cities in the United States with the same name, the city of Columbus, Ohio was named after Christopher Columbus.
When roads in and out of the city were built in the 1830s, Columbus became more accessible and more people began to enter Ohio and settle here. In the 1850s, a railroad was built in the city which provided residents of Columbus access to more modern goods.
In the late 1800s, Columbus became a diverse manufacturing city and this helped the residents survive the Great Depression without as many catastrophic results as the rest of the country experienced. After WWII, manufacturing and the service sectors in Columbus hit a boom, and the city became prosperous and more populated.
From 1980 to the present Columbus has been one of the fastest growing cities in the northeast. The city has become known as a white collar centered economy that is headquarters to many home grown companies like Nationwide Insurance, Wendys International, Huntington Bank, Limited Brands, Abercrombie and Fitch, and more. Today, Columbus is the biggest city in the State of Ohio – both in terms of land as well as number of residents.