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Vermont’s largest city’s has a history that dates back to the American Revolution. The area was chartered some years earlier in the 1760s, but the first settlement was established when a fort was built at the falls of the Winooski River. Following the war, the settlement attracted prominent Americas including Ethan Allen, who built his home in the bottomland near the mouth of the river.
The University of Vermont was founded in 1791 as the Agricultural College of Vermont on land donated by Ira Allen. The city became a leading seaport in the New England Area, and during the War of 1812 was the site of an army post.
The Lake Champlain Canal was opened in 1823 and linked the Hudson River and Lake Champlain. The city became and even more important seaport and center for the lumber industry, both further bolstered by the arrival of the railroad in the 1840s.The city was finally incorporated in 1864, with the original town split in the City of Burlington and the new town of South Burlington.
The city has undergone a renaissance in recent years with revitalization of old industrial buildings as well as the old waterfront, which now attracts tourists and locals alike.